You will come across different kinds of depression or depressive disorder. However, the most widespread ones include major depressive disorder and dysthymic depression.
Major Depressive Disorder or Major Depression
In this type, the affected person experiences a blend of symptoms that weaken his capability to sleep, take food, do job, and relish activities he became accustomed to derive happiness. Experts are of the opinion that major depression can be awfully crippling, forbidding the patient from working in a normal manner. Several individuals go through just one episode, whereas others have repetitions.
Dysthymic Depression or Dysthymia
Dysthymic disorder is also called dysthymia or mild chronic depression. The sufferer will endure symptoms for a prolonged time period, maybe as lengthy as two years, and frequently lengthier. Nevertheless, the signs are not as serious as in major depressive disorder, and the person is not incapacitated by it. Even so, he may experience difficulty functioning normally and feeling healthy. Several individuals go through barely one episode throughout their lifespan, whereas others might have returns at regular intervals.
A human being enduring dysthymia could also encounter major depression, on one, two or more occasions during his lifespan. Dysthymic depression can at times bring other signs. When they occur, it is likely that other kinds of depression are detected.
When terrible depressive sickness consists of hallucinations, losing contact with reality and other functional impairments, the affected person might be suffering from psychotic depression.
Postpartum Depression or Postnatal Depression
Postpartum depression or postnatal depression (PND) is not to be puzzled with baby blues which a mother might experience for a very brief period after delivering a baby. In case a mother originates an episode of major depression inside a couple of weeks of parturition, it is possible that she has suffered from postnatal depression. Specialists think that more or less 10 to 15 percent of all females go through PND after the delivery. Regrettably, most of them go undiagnosed and endure for a lengthy duration with no treatment and other medical assistance.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder is much more widespread the further you move from the equator. In nations located very far away from the equator, the culmination of summer signals the start of less sunshine and more gloomy hours. An individual who suffers from a depressive sickness at some time in the wintertime might go through SAD. The symptoms disappear with the beginning of springtime and/or summertime. In northern Europe, where the winter can be enormously shady for several months, patients usually resort to light treatment; they sit before a particular illumination. Light therapy delivers the goods in approximately 50 percent of all SAD patients. Apart from the light therapy, a number of individuals might require antidepressant drug, psychiatric therapy, or both. The light treatment is turning out to be more popular in other northern nations like the United Kingdom and Canada.
Bipolar Disorder or Manic-Depressive Psychosis
Bipolar disorder is popularly called manic depression. It is not as frequent as major depressive disorder or dysthymic depression. A person having bipolar disorder undergoes instants of extreme highs and lows. These extreme points are regarded as manias.